Mr Desmond Choo: To ask the Minister for Trade and Industry (a) how has Singapore expanded its sources of renewable energy over the last 10 years; and (b) what are the future plans to increase import of renewable energy especially from the Southeast Asia region.
Written Answer by Minister for Trade and Industry Gan Kim Yong
1. Singapore has limited sources of renewable energy. We do not have sufficient wind speeds for wind farms, or the rivers needed for hydro-electric power. Solar is a viable source of renewable energy domestically. However, we do not have the land for large-scale solar farms. To overcome this constraint, we have adopted innovative ways to maximise deployment of solar photovoltaic systems, such as on reservoirs. Over the last ten years, solar deployment in Singapore has grown more than 50 times, from about 16 Megawatt-Peak (MWp) in end-2013 to about 900 MWp as of the first quarter of 2023. We are on track to achieve our solar deployment target of at least 2GWp by 2030.
2. We are also working on the feasibility of importing up to 4 gigawatts (GW) of low-carbon electricity by 2035. If realised, this could supply about 30% of our projected energy needs in 2035. EMA has launched a Request for Proposal (RFP) for parties that are interested to export electricity to Singapore. In March 2023, EMA issued a Conditional Approval for Keppel Energy Pte. Ltd.’s proposal to import 1GW of electricity from Cambodia. We look forward to issuing more Conditional Approvals to other viable projects.
3. In addition to the RFP, Singapore has been working with our Southeast Asian neighbours on small-scale electricity import trials that serve as pathfinders for larger-scale projects. In June 2022, we commenced the Lao PDR-Thailand-Malaysia-Singapore Power Integration Project (LTMS PIP). This imports up to 100 megawatts (MW) of renewable hydropower from Lao PDR via Thailand and Malaysia using existing grid interconnections.